Complementary Medicine Research


Links to book and articles by Richard Eaton

Link to Richard Eaton’s blog for The College of Medicine

Links to Positive Health Online and also to The Alliance for Natural Health International

Progress of the Medical Innovation Bill 

CAM organisations accredited by The Professional Standards Authority

Business Mentoring Services for CAM Practice Management (Richard Eaton)

CAM Research: Cancer & Palliative Care

CAM Research: Homeopathy

CAM Research: General

CAM Practitioner Organisations

REIKI book by Marion Eaton & Reiki research information

CAM Practice Management 


BUSINESS GUIDE FOR HEALTH THERAPISTS: HOW TO FIND WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW by Richard Eaton available at or from digital stores at

ARTICLES BY RICHARD EATON published by PositiveHealth Online (

1.Practitioners must state the case for complementary and alternative medicine
including CAM research with a focus on REIKI

also available in print, with a focus on HOMEOPATHY,  in Homeopathy in Practice Journal (Autumn 2011);

2. Complementary Medicine – Prepare for the Future;

3. Complementary Medicine and the Voluntary Sector;

4. Is choice of Healthcare a Human right?

a print version of this article is also available in Homeopathy in Practice Journal (Spring/Summer 2014) and in the Journal of The Chartered Institute of Legal Executives (CILEX):;

5. Your CAM Practice and the Advertising Standards Authority – Time to take action

a print version of this article is also available in Homeopathy in Practice Journal (Winter/Spring 2016) and in The Journal of The Chartered Institute of Legal Executives (CILEX) (Parts 1 & 2 – July & August 2016);

6. Advertising Complementary Medicine – Where Next with Regulation Reform? (November 2017);

7. UK Health Services should engage with Complementary and Alternative Medicine (August 2018)

a print version of this article is also available in Homeopathy in Practice Journal (Spring/Summer 2018)

Details of Author

ARTICLES BY RICHARD EATON published by Homeopathy in Practice Journal (Alliance of Registered Homeopaths)

See above references to earlier articles;

Message to Homeopaths: Business Matters (Spring/Summer 2017)

ARTICLE BY RICHARD EATON published by The Homeopath (the journal of The Society of Homeopaths):

Adopt a business-like approach to be successful (Spring 2017)

ARTICLE BY RICHARD EATON published by Homeopathy International (the journal of the Homeopathic Medical Association):

Practitioners must state the case for cost-effective Complementary and Alternative Medicine within the public health sector (Summer 2017)


THE COLLEGE OF MEDICINE: Richard Eaton’s quarterly blog


REGISTER WITH  Positive Health Online UK to receive free Newsletters relating to Complementary and Alternative Medicine and for the Positive Health Research Archive

REGISTER WITH to receive information and Newsletters from The Alliance for Natural Health International


FOLLOW the Medical Innovation Bill  &

CAM ORGANISATIONS ACCREDITED by the Professional Standards Authority


BUSINESS MENTORING SERVICES RELATING TO CAM PRACTICE MANAGEMENT please click on MENTORING in the banner at the top of this page and also inspect:

and Richard’s book available at or from digital stores at



‘…The provision of complementary therapies is demanded by patients hence the services provided. Approximately 40% of breast and prostate patients use complementary therapies and 20% of patients with other cancers. The evidence and audits are very patient-centred and almost always supportive of the service and what it has to offer.

Complementary therapies are provided for patients, service users, carers and family members in almost every cancer and palliative care service in the country. Some of the most renowned cancer and palliative centres such as the Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Guy’s and St Thomas’s NHS Foundation Trust, St George’s University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, the Christie NHS Foundation Trust and a wide range of hospices and Macmillan cancer centres provide complementary therapies as an integral part of their supportive and palliative care services…’

Complementary & Natural Healthcare Council: February 2016 chemo

Resveratrol research paper and see also:

Cancer care options:

Macmillan Cancer Support:

or a CD audio-book:; 

for information by Cancer type:

Cancer Research UK individual CAM therapies:

Cancer Research UK-research into Reiki for people with cancer:

Herbs,botanicals & other products,

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:

PubMed articles & clinical trials:

The Christie NHS Foundation Trust: (“Services: Complementary Therapy”)

The Royal Marsden:


Marie Curie Cancer Care:

Macmillan Cancer Support:   and see above

Penny Brohn UK:

My Cancer treatment (NHS):

Sam Buxton Sunflower Healing Trust:

RESEARCH studies carried out in cancer, supportive and palliative care settings, extracted from a submission by The Complementary and Natural Healthcare Council (CNHC):

Recent research / audit / case studies from the Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust:

  • Dyer J, Cleary L, McNeill S, Ragsdale-Lowe M, Osland C. 2016 The use of aromasticks to help with sleep problems: A patient experience survey. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice 22:51-8
  • Dyer J, Cleary L, Ragsdale-Lowe M, McNeill S, Osland C. 2014 The use of aromasticks at a cancer centre: A retrospective audit. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice 20(4): 203-6
  • Dyer J, Sandsund C, Thomas K, Shaw C 2013 Is reflexology as effective as aromatherapy massage for symptom relief in an outpatient oncology population? Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice 19(3): 139-46
  • Dyer J, McNeill S, Ragsdale-Lowe M, Cleary L, Cardoso M, Cooper S 2010 The use of aromasticks for nausea in a cancer hospital. International Journal of Clinical Aromatherapy 7(2): 3-6
  • Ragsdale-Lowe, M. 2009. Supporting a young girl through radiotherapy, following resection of a brain tumour: Case study. International Journal of Clinical Aromatherapy 6(1): 23-5
  • Dyer J, Ashley S, Shaw C 2008 A study to look at the effects of a hydrolat spray on hot flushes in women being treated for breast cancer. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice 14:273–79
  • Dyer J, McNeill S, Ragsdale-Lowe M, Tratt L 2008 A snap-shot survey of current practice: the use of aromasticks for symptom management. International Journal of Clinical Aromatherapy 5(2): 17-21
  • McNeill, S. 2007 Essential oils and massage used to support a patient with a compromised airway: a case study. International Journal of Clinical Aromatherapy 4(1): 40-2

Further references for relevant research studies below:

  • Cassileth, B. R. and A. J. Vickers (2004): “Massage therapy for symptom control: outcome study at a major cancer center.” Journal of Pain and Symptom Management 28(3): 244-9.
  • Ernst, E 2009 Massage therapy for cancer palliation and supportive care: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials. Supportive Care in Cancer 17(4): 333- 7.
  • Lee, S.H, J.-Y. Kim, et al. (2015). “Meta-Analysis of Massage Therapy on Cancer Pain.” Integrative Cancer Therapies 14(4): 297.
  • Mackereth P Hackman E Knowles R Mehrez A (2015) The value of stress relieving techniques. Cancer Nursing Practice. 14(4): 14-21.
  • Mackereth P Campbell G Maycock P Hennings J Breckons M (2008) Chair massage for patients and carers: a pilot service in an outpatient setting of a cancer care hospital. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice. 14: 136-142.
  • Samuel, A. and Ebenezer, I. (2013) ‘Exploratory study on the efficacy of reflexology for pain threshold and tolerance using an ice-pain experiment and sham TENS control’, Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice 19, pp. 57-62.
  • Seers, H.E., Gale, N., Paterson, C., Cooke, H.J. Tuffrey, V., Polley, M.J. Individualised and complex experiences of integrative cancer support care: combining qualitative and quantitative data. Supportive Care in Cancer 2009; 17(9): 1159-1167. (In collaboration with Penny Brohn Cancer Care).
  • Sharp, D. Walker, M. Chaturvedi, D. Upadhyay, S. Hamid, A. Walker, A. Bateman, J. Braid, F. Ellwood, K. et al (2010) ‘A randomised, controlled trial of the psychological effects of reflexology in early breast cancer’, European Journal of Cancer, 46, pp. 312-322.
  • So PS, Jiang JY, Qin Y. Touch therapies for pain relief in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008, Issue 4. Art. No: CD006535. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006535.pub2.
  • Stringer J Donald G Knowles R Warn P (2014) The Symptom Management of Fungating Malignant Wounds Using a Novel Essential Oil Cream. Wounds UK 10(3): 30-38.
  • Stringer J Donald G (2011) Aromasticks in Cancer Care: An innovation not to be Sniffed at: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice. 116-21
  • Stringer J, Swindell R, Dennis M 2008 Massage in patients undergoing intensive chemotherapy reduces serum cortisol and prolactin. Psycho-Oncology 17(10): 1024- 31.
  • Tsay, S. Chen, H. Chen, S. Lin, H. and Lin, K. (2008) ‘Effects of reflexotherapy on acute postoperative pain and anxiety among patients with digestive cancer’, Cancer Nursing, 31, pp. 109–115.
  • Wilkinson SM, Love SB, Westcombe AM, Gambles MA, Burgess CC, Cargill A, Young T, Maher EJ, Ramirez AJ. 2007 Effectiveness of aromatherapy massage in the management of anxiety and depression in patients with cancer: a multicenter randomized controlled trial. J Clin Oncol 25:532-539
  • Wyatt, G. Sikorski, A. Rahbar, M. Victorson, D. and You, M (2012) ‘Health-related quality-of-life outcomes: A reflexology trial with patients with advanced-stage breast cancer’, Oncology Nursing Forum, 39(6), pp. 568–577.




Faculty of Homeopathy:

Switzerland – public health sector and Homeopathy:

Homeopathy Research Institute

Homeopathy Research Institute clinical outcome research database

The Society of Homeopaths

The Homeopathic Medical Association:

The European Committee for Homeopathy:

International Council for Homeopathy:

CAM-quest database (click on the ‘Therapies’ quick-search box and select ‘Homeopathy’):

European Central Council of Homeopaths:

British Homeopathic Association:

The Alliance of Registered Homeopaths:

VetCR database (Veterinary Homeopathy):

Use of Homeopathy in Veterinary Medicine

British Homeopathic Dental Association:

A model for homeopathic remedy effects: low dose nanoparticles, allostatic cross-adaptation, and time-dependent sensitization in a complex adaptive system:

Non-linear effects of nanoparticles: Biological variability from hormetic doses, small particle sizes and dynamic adaptive interactions:

Effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of homeopathy in general practice – summarized health technology assessment:

Cancer control through pathology-based homeopathic medicine:

Establishing a scientific foundation in homeopathy (Constitutional prescribing):

NHS Choices:

Find a Homeopath:


Further Research: (insert “Homeopathy” in the search box).




CAM-quest database:

and see:

Cancer Research UK:


World Health Organisation:

“Traditional Medicine Strategy 2014-2023”


Road Map for European CAM Research

CAMbrella a pan-european research network for CAM:

Switzerland – public health sector and CAM:

Norway’s National research Center in CAM:

CAM for Cancer:


The Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine:

CAMLIS Library information service:


Cochrane Complementary Medicine:

The Research Council for Complementary Medicine:

Bandolier: (Search: complementary medicine)

Positive Health Magazine:

The University of Southampton – Complementary and Integrated Medicine Research Unit


The College of Medicine:

The Role of CAM in the NHS (Smallwood Report): Refer to sub-link to a pdf in drop-down banner at top of this page.

NHS Evidence – complementary and alternative medicine:

NHS Conditions and Treatments:

International Society for Complementary Medicine Research:


Informed Health Online:

US National Library of Medicine:

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine:

Samueli Institute:

University of Westminster CAM Degree Courses:

EICCAM –The European Information Centre on Complementary and Alternative Medicine:

Cochrane Evidence and Library: (Search: complementary medicine)

European Federation for Complementary and Alternative Medicine:

Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine Education Courses for statutory registered healthcare professionals:

National Institute for Health & Care Excellence (NICE):

British Medical Journal Clinical Evidence Review:

or  Google search Clinical Evidence efficacy categorisations

British Medical Journal (BMJ):

Family Practice Oxford University Press Journals

Academy of Integrative Health & Medicine:

For information about REIKI research, treatments and training, refer to: (click on Research page in the banner and drop down to Reiki Research)

and see also

Cancer Research UK-research into Reiki for people with cancer:

For details of Reiki Training Courses

CAM Reading List:

Complementary Therapies in Medicine Journal:

Traditional, Complementary & Integrative Medicine

an International Reader: 

DISCERN Quality criteria for consumer health information:

British Wheel of Yoga

Further Research: (insert name of therapy in the search box).




Complementary & Natural Healthcare Council

The General Regulatory Council for Complementary Therapies:


British Complementary Medicine Association:

British Holistic Medical Association:

Institute for Complementary and Natural Medicine:

Federation of Holistic Therapists

Complementary Medical Association:

National Institute of Medical Herbalists:

British Association of Applied Nutrition and Nutritional Therapy:

British Acupuncture Council:

British Medical Acupuncture Council

British Association of Art Therapists

Association of Reflexologists:

British Wheel of Yoga:

International Federation of Aromatherapists:

International Federation of Professional Aromatherapists

General list with addresses

Explore Integrative Medicine: Professional Associations and Organisations (USA, Europe, Australia, China & India): Use Google search.

British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy:




BOOK BY MARION EATON, Reiki Master Teacher: Refreshing Reiki – Usui Reiki 1: The Light Within:

While there are research papers that are inconclusive about the effectiveness of Reiki, the following demonstrate the clinical contribution made by Reiki treatments:

Effects of Reiki on pain, anxiety, and blood pressure in patients undergoing knee replacement: a Pilot Study.

‘…This blinded, controlled pilot study investigated the effects of Reiki on 46 patients undergoing knee replacement surgery. Of the 3 groups, Reiki, Sham Reiki, and Standard of Care, only the Reiki group showed significant reductions in pain, blood pressure, respiration rate, and state anxiety, which provides evidence for a full-scale clinical study…’;

The increasing use of Reiki as a complementary therapy in specialist palliative care.‘…Reiki is a more recent addition to the range of CTs [complementary therapies] available to cancer patients. As an energy-healing intervention it has gained in popularity as a non-invasive and non-pharmacological approach. Anecdotal evidence suggests that the profound relaxation effect has a positive impact on alleviating anxiety, stress, perception of pain and promotes a feeling of wellbeing particularly relating to the nature of psychospiritual wellbeing…This article will consider the position of reiki as an emerging CT within SPC…’;

Use of complementary therapies in hospice and palliative care.

‘…patients were evaluated for changes in symptoms such as pain reduction, ease in breathing, stress/anxiety reduction, and increased relaxation, with the results being predominantly beneficial…’;

The effects of Yoga, Massage, and Reiki on patient well-being at a Cancer Resource Center.

‘…Reiki reduced the pain of patients with cancer to a greater extent than either massage or yoga…’;

An exploratory study of Reiki experiences in women who have cancer.

‘…Key themes identified were: limited understanding of reiki prior to receiving any reiki; release of emotional strain during reiki-feelings of a release of energy, a clearing of the mind from cancer, inner peace/relaxation, hope, a sense of being cared for; experience of physical sensations during reiki, such as pain relief and tingling; physical, emotional and cognitive improvements after reiki, such as improved sleep, a sense of calm and peace, reduced depression and improved self-confidence…’;

Reiki for cancer patients undergoing Chemotherapy in a Brazilian Hospital: A pilot study.

‘…The Reiki practice delivered as part of the integrative care in oncology did produce clinically significant effects, although not statistically significant results, for more than half of the patients undergoing cancer treatment…’;

Reiki’s effect on patients with total knee arthroplasty: A pilot study.

‘…As a result of positive feedback and decreased pain ratings following Reiki sessions, a Reiki program has been established at the hospital. Ten nurses became trained and certified in Reiki…’;

Effects of Distant Reiki on pain, anxiety and fatigue in Oncology patients in Turkey: A Pilot study.

‘…The control group demonstrated greater levels of pain (p=0.002), stress (p=0.001) and fatigue (p=0.001). The Reiki group pain score (p<0.0001), stress score (p<0.001) and fatigue score were also significantly lower…’;

Effect of Reiki therapy on pain and anxiety in adults: an in-depth literature review of randomised trials with effect size calculations.

‘…Although the number of studies is limited, based on the size Cohen’s d statistics calculated in this review, there is evidence to suggest that Reiki therapy may be effective for pain and anxiety…’;

Development of a hospital reiki training program: training volunteers to provide reiki to patients, families, and staff in the acute care setting.

‘…This program demonstrates that a volunteer-based program can successfully support nurses in meeting patient, family, and staff demand for Reiki services…’;

Reiki and related therapies in the dialysis ward: an evidence-based and ethical discussion to debate if these complementary and alternative medicines are welcomed or banned.

‘…While a classical evidence-based approach, showing low-grade efficacy, is likely to lead to a negative attitude towards the use of Reiki in the dialysis ward, the ethical discussion, analyzing beneficium (efficacy) together with non maleficium (side effects), justice (cost, availability and integration with mainstream therapies) and autonomy (patients’ choice) is likely to lead to a permissive-positive attitude…’;

Reiki training for caregivers of hospitalised paediatric patients: a pilot programme ‘…Based on the successful completion of this pilot program, we conclude that a hospital-based Reiki training program for caregivers of hospitalized pediatric patients is feasible, and may realistically be incorporated into a hospital’s teaching offerings. We also conclude that such a program is able to positively impact and empower patients and their families. While participants in our program subjectively reported perceived benefits, there is a need for more rigorous trials to assess the benefits of Reiki in the paediatric population…’

Symptomatic improvement reported after receiving Reiki at a cancer infusion center.

‘…Reiki results in a broad range of symptomatic benefits, including improvements in common cancer-related symptoms…’;

Reiki as a pain management adjunct in screening colonoscopy.

‘…Results from this pilot study suggest that there may be a decrease in meperidine needed during screening colonoscopy when patients receive Reiki treatments before the procedure…’;

Benefits of Reiki therapy for a severely neutropenic patient with associated influences on a true random number generator.

‘…Statistically significant relationships were documented between Reiki therapy, a quieting of the electronically created white noise of the RNG during healing sessions, and improvement in the patient’s ANC. The immediate clinical result was that the patient could tolerate the high-dose interferon regimen without missing doses because of absolute neutropenia. The patient was initially a late responder to interferon and had been given a 5% chance of clearing the virus. He remains clear of the virus 1 year after treatment…’;

The effects of Reiki therapy on pain and anxiety in patients attending a day oncology and infusion services unit.

‘…Overall, the sessions were felt helpful in improving well-being, relaxation, pain relief, sleep quality and reducing anxiety. Offering Reiki therapy in hospitals could respond to patients’ physical and emotional needs…’;

Effects of Reiki on Pain and Vital Signs when applied to the Incision Area of the body after Cesarean Section Surgery: A single-blinded, randomised, double-controlled study:

‘…The Reiki group was observed to use fewer analgesics throughout the study and to need them after a longer time than the sham Reiki and control groups (P < .05)…;

A phase II trial of Reiki for the management of pain in advanced cancer patients.
Olson K, Hanson J, Michaud M.
Faculty of Nursing and International Institute for Qualitative Methodology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Participants experienced improved pain control following Reiki treatment;

Using Reiki to manage pain: a preliminary report.
Olson K, Hanson J.
Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, Alta
Research showed a highly significant reduction in pain following Reiki treatment;

Pilot crossover trial of Reiki versus rest for treating cancer-related fatigue.
Tsang KL, Carlson LE, Olson K.
Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Participants experienced a decrease in cancer related fatigue and a significant improvement in quality of life;

Energy therapies in advanced practice oncology: an evidence-informed practice approach. Potter P J

‘…Reiki as supportive interventions in cancer care…bring harmony and balance to the system in the direction of health…research literature demonstrates the safety of these therapies…’;

Effect of Reiki therapy on pain and anxiety in adults: an in-depth literature review of randomised trials with effect size calculations. Thrane S & Cohen S M

‘…Although the number of studies is limited, based on the size Cohen’s statistics calculated in this review, there is evidence to suggest that Reiki therapy may be effective for pain and anxiety…’;

The empowering nature of Reiki as a complementary therapy.
Nield-Anderson L, Ameling A.
Yale University School of Nursing, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
The reasons for the increased success of Reiki as an alternative and complementary healing method in the Western world are addressed as well as the practice of Reiki as a healing method for self and others;

Feasibility of Energy Medicine in a Community Teaching Hospital (including Reiki)

‘…This study successfully implemented EM provided by a solo practitioner in inpatient and emergent hospital settings and found that acceptability and demand justified its presence. Most patients experienced marked, immediate improvement of symptoms associated with their chief complaint…’;

Reiki therapy: the benefits to a nurse/Reiki practitioner.
Whelan KM, Wishnia GS.
Graduate Family Nurse Practitioner Program, Spalding University, Louisville, KY, USA
This study evaluates how nurses who gave Reiki therapy perceived the benefit of this therapy on their clients and themselves;

TOMS, Nelda C. Stark College of Nursing, Texas Woman’s University, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Examined Reiki Therapy and explored Reiki as a valuable nursing intervention;

Autonomic nervous system changes during Reiki treatment: a preliminary study.
Mackay N, Hansen S, McFarlane O.
Institute of Neurological Sciences, South Glasgow University Hospital NHS Trust, 1345 Govan Road, Glasgow G51 4TF, Scotland, UK
This [pilot] study indicates that Reiki has some effect on the autonomic nervous system;

The increasing use of Reiki as a complementary therapy in specialist palliative care.
Burden B, Herron-Marx S, Clifford C.
Compton Hospice, Wolverhampton, West Midlands, UK
This article considers the position of Reiki as an emerging Complementary therapy within the field of specialist palliative care and, within this context, the rise in popularity of Reiki and its potential benefits;

Reiki as a clinical intervention in oncology nursing practice.
Bossi LM, Ott MJ, DeCristofaro S.
Children’s Hospital Boston, MA, USA

This article describes the process of Reiki, reviews current literature, presents vignettes of patient responses to the intervention and makes recommendations for future study;

Biological Correlates of Reiki Touch Healing 
Wardell DW and others,
Journal of Advanced Nursing Vol.33 Issue 4, Pages 439-445
Findings suggest both biochemical and physiological changes in the direction of relaxation;

BALDWIN and SCHWARTZ, Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724-5051, USA, have found that Reiki can reduce bleeding caused by excessive noise exposure.

Reiki is beginning to be used in hospitals to accelerate recovery. Despite many anecdotes describing Reiki’s success, few scientific studies are reported and none of those use animals. The aim of this study was to determine whether Reiki can significantly reduce microvascular leakage caused by exposure to excessive noise using an animal model.

In all three experiments, Reiki significantly reduced the outcome measures compared to the other noise groups (p < 0.01);

SHORE AG: Long-term effects of energetic healing on symptoms of psychological depression and self-perceive stress. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine 10 (3): 42-48, May-Jun 2004:

SHORE writes about a trial on the long-term effects of energetic healing on symptoms of depression and stress.
The aim of the study was to examine the long-term effects of Reiki healing on symptoms of depression and self-perceived stress.
46 patients were randomly assigned to one of three groups: hands-on Reiki, distance Reiki, or distance-Reiki placebo, with patients blinded to treatment conditions. Each patient received a 1 to 1.5 hour treatment weekly for 6 weeks. Beck Depression, Beck Hopelessness, and Perceived Stress were completed at baseline, port treatment, and one year later.
At the end of treatment, there was a significant reduction in symptoms of psychological distress in both treatment groups compared with controls (p < 0.05), and these differences persisted at one-year follow-up (p < 0.05).
Reiki, whether administered hands-on or at distance, leads to long-lasting improvements in people’s emotional state;

GALLOB, University of Rochester School of Nursing, Loving Touch Center of East Rochester, NY, USA, has reviewed (13 references) the literature on Reiki:

Reiki treatments support the wellbeing and healing process of each individual patient in whatever way the patient needs, on all levels of body, mind and soul. Relaxation, pain relief, physical healing, reduced emotional distress, and a deepened awareness of spiritual connection are among the benefits that have been reported in case studies, anecdotes, and exploratory research.
Reiki is easily adaptable to any setting and provides support and healing for the practitioner as well as for the recipient;

RUBIK and Others
Reiki improved growth of heat-shocked bacteria in a healing context;

Reiki Review of a Biofield Therapy history, theory, practice and research
Miles P, True G
Altern. Ther. Health Med. 2003 Mar-Apr; 9(2): 62-72

Palliative Care Service at NIH includes Reiki and other mind-body modalities
Miles P, Adv. Mind Body Med. 2004 Summer; 20(2
); 30-1;

Miles P, Explore (NY). 2005 Sep; 1(5): 414

If there is any significant experience with using Reiki in the hospital or ER Setting and if there is any literature to support this use?;

FERRARESI and COLLEAGUES,  (1) SS Nephrology ASOU, san Luigi (regione Gonzole 10), Orbassano 10043, Torino, Italy, applied integrated evidence based approaches and ethical discussion, to discuss the pros and cons of CAM in the dialysis ward

Results (excerpt):

‘According to the EBM approach, Reiki allows a statistically significant but very low-grade pain reduction without specific side effects. Gentle-touch therapy and Reiki are thus good examples of approaches in which controversial efficacy has to be balanced against no known side effect, frequent free availability (volunteer non-profit associations) and easy integration with any other pharmacological or non-pharmacological therapy.’

Listed in Positive Health Online, Issue 225 (17.09.15)

KERR CE, WASSERWMN RH and MOORE. Cortical dynamics as a therapeutic mechanism for touch healing. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine 13 (1): 59-66, Jan-Feb 2007:

Touch Healing therapies, treatments whose primary route of administration is tactile contact and/or active guiding of somatic attention, are ubiquitous across cultures. Despite increasing integration of touch healing into mainstream medicine through therapies such as Reiki, Therapeutic Touch and somatically focused meditation practices such as Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, relatively little is known about potential underlying mechanisms.

This review presents a neuroscientific explanation for the prevalence and effectiveness of these therapies for relieving chronic pain.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PALLIATIVE NURSING 2016, Vol 22, No4 An exploratory study of Reiki experiences in women who have cancer Marilynne N Kirshbaum, Maxine Stead & Serena Bartys & listed here;

Distant Healing Intention Therapies: An Overview of the Scientific Evidence.

Radin D, Schlitz M, Baur C and see full article here which concludes [italics added]:

‘…[experiments on ‘Distant mental interactions with living systems – DMILS] studies indicate that DHI [Distant Healing Intention] effects are on average small in magnitude, but they do exist, and thus, in principle, some clinical applications of DHI may be efficacious…’;

THE REIKI FEDERATION: & (Check for updates)

CANCER RESEARCH UK research into Reiki for people with cancer

FURTHER RESEARCH IN “NHS EVIDENCE”: Insert “Reiki” in the search box.



Define the Practice Manager’s relationship with:

Local NHS General Practitioners, Consultants & Health Care Providers
Local Hospitals & Clinics
Social Care Sector
Voluntary Sector

Create and keep updated a Health Centre Practitioner’s Handbook:

The Centre’s rules and requirements including the issues of assisting a client/patient to choose a treatment and/or a Practitioner, the handling of incoming mail/messages (confidentiality) and the collection of fees.

  • Legal relationship with Practitioners: Employee/Self-employed? Implications
  • Licence to occupy to be granted to each Practitioner: possible content/ requirement of independent legal advice
  • Disputes between Health Centre and Practitioner: Need for a work-place mediation facility
  • Proposed Practitioner Board: Membership/Constitution/Parameters
  • Complaints procedure: Internal and/or external; Involvement of Practitioner’s professional Membership organisation
  • Vetting of Practitioner/Client Contract, Code of Care; Consent to treatment procedures; Parent or Guardian Consent to treatment procedures
  • Vetting of Practitioner: Membership registrations and professional Insurance  (annually)
  • Professional Negligence Indemnity Insurance: requirement for individual Practitioner and separate cover for Health Centre, the importance of “run-off” cover
  • Employer’s Civil liability Certificate & Insurance and Public liability Insurance: requirements
  • Membership of , for example, the Federation of Small Businesses (FSB): benefits
  • Membership of professional registers: see above
  • The safeguarding of vulnerable groups: Disclosure and barring service
  • Legislation: implications for some Practitioners
  • Disability Discrimination Act: need for premises assessment survey?
  • Data Protection Act: need to register and appoint a data controller? Cyber security protection?
  • Practitioner’s professional requirements (if any) relating to statutory regulation or voluntary self-regulation
  • Medical Health & Local Government Authorities: Implications for Practitioners & Health Centre
  • CAM research resources: encourage Practitioners to make available for clients
  • Health Centre Evidence-based CAM research guides for display in Health Centre reception area: sources, content and format
  • The creation of a CAM lending Library as a health centre resource for the use of clients, practitioners and CAM students using the Centre
  • Health Centre Newsletters both internal (for Practitioners) and external (for existing and prospective clients)
  • Arrange participation in open days, trade fairs, expo exhibitions and CAM conferences
  • Arrange Practitioner contribution to the marketing of their practice, the Health Centre & CAM generally: local radio, television and other media outlets to include Practitioners giving interviews & presentations
  • Arrange local competitions (e.g.a Picture of Health painting competition) promoting Health Centre and its Practitioners
  • Marketing: website & social media content; Practitioner brochures – in a “house style”? Voucher scheme
  • Provision of Training facilities: meeting the increasing demand for Practitioner CPD Courses
  • Place entries in local Health Guides/Listings
  • CAM product sales: need for sales staff training/insurance
  • Keep under review interaction and networking with local NHS  & private health providers
  • Promote the use of client treatment records and the use of Treatment Evaluation Forms, incorporating client-related treatment outcome measures
  • Promotion of Integrated Healthcare practice ethics: Practitioner mentoring; Promote integrated healthcare treatment plans
  • Create & distribute Health Centre reception information & therapy guides
  • Review awareness of contra-indications between different types of treatments: implement process for practitioner liaison & resolution of practitioner disputes
  • Preparation for local authority spot-check inspections relating to Health and Safety at Work activities and records
  • Environmental Protection legislation: annual waste declaration and compliance issues
    Practitioners to complete accredited first-aid courses (usually every three years) check that this has been done
  • Encourage Practitioners (where appropriate) to obtain a NHS National Independent Provider Organisation Code and to register as a provider with private health insurance companies
  • Promote awareness of European Union proposals and Directives relating to CAM
  • Liaise with relevant authorities regarding approval of Health Centre for the practice of relevant treatments (e.g. for acupuncture)
  • Liaise with Social Services and GP Practices with regard to referrals (e.g. for psychotherapy and counselling)
  • Generally encourage and advise Practitioners to adopt a business approach to their CAM practice and to spend adequate time on as well as in their practice.


FOR BUSINESS MENTORING SERVICES RELATING TO CAM PRACTICE MANAGEMENT please click on MENTORING in the banner at the top of this page and also review:

and Richard’s book Business Guide for Health Therapists available at or from digital stores at




This website provides information not medical advice. You should consult your medical practitioner if you have any symptoms of illness or concerns about treatment. Do not cease a prescribed conventional treatment without consulting your doctor. Tell all the practitioners you are working with, conventional or complementary, about any medicines, remedies, herbs or supplements you are taking or considering using.

No assurance, guarantee or promise with regard to the correctness, accuracy, up-to-date status or completeness of the  information and websites for which no endorsement is given. Readers are strongly advised to discuss the information with their General Medical Practitioner, Medical Consultant and Healthcare Professional. No liability is accepted for any damage or loss caused to anyone who relies on the information and websites.